Geospatial technology is used in the collection, analysis, and storage of geographic information. Geospatial technology makes use of software in the mapping of geographic locations while assessing the effect of human activities. Geographic Information System (GIS) utilizes digital software to combine datasets and maps about socioeconomic trends and environmental events.
GIS develops layered maps for a better geospatial analysis of complex data. The layering happens because each point of data is linked to a definite location on the earth. Other forms of geospatial technology include geofencing, global positioning systems GPS, and remote sensing.
Geospatial definition: Any data that is related to or indicated by a geographic location. Geospatial technology analyzes and collects geospatial data.
Types of Geospatial technology used in industrial applications:
Remote Sensing: geospatial data and satellite imagery received from airborne cameras and satellite sensors. Satellite imagery highly improves a project for GIS mapping and gives information data to help classification and analysis for modeling and geospatial assessment.
Geographic Information Systems (GIS):
This is a mapping tool for analyzing geospatial data that is georeferenced. Geographic Information Systems can be utilized to support the management of the environment for disasters and natural hazards, natural resources, global climate change, land cover, wildlife, and a host of other applications.
Global Positioning System (GPS):
This is a navigation system powered by satellites and made up of 24 satellites placed into orbit for the collection of locations and coordinates.
Nowadays, there are tons of applications in use powered by geospatial technology. Agencies, organizations, and companies all over the world make use of geospatial technology to transform maps produced manually and related descriptive records into strong digital databases. Geospatial systems which were once a tool that only the largest organizations could afford have become an affordable option for small organizations as well.
The launch of Google Maps in 2005 was one of the greatest moments in geospatial history. It made available mapping technology to a wide audience.
But the foundation of what is now known as geospatial technology today was first laid in 1832. That year, when there was a cholera outbreak in Paris, Charles Picquet, a French cartographer developed one of the first maps to indicate the area of high concentration of people with the illness.
When there was an outbreak of cholera in London in 1854, John Snow, a physician improved on the works of Charles Picquet. Apart from making a map showing the location of cholera deaths, he made use of spatial analysis of the data to demonstrate the link between cholera and contaminated water sources.
Photozincography was invented in the early 1900s. It was a kind of map printing that had separate layers. Data could be visually represented by each layer on the map.
In the 1960s, Roger Tomlinson helped to develop the concept of the Geographic Information System (GIS) which improved the face of traditional cartography. The development of satellites which focused on scientific ventures, commercial activities, and national security, provided pictures of human activity and the Earth’s surface for the first time, thereby revealing more ways to visually represent data.
Knowing More About Geospatial Technology
Geospatial technology is a term used to describe a broad range of modern tools that contribute to Earth’s geographical mapping and analysis and human society. These tools have evolved since the users drew maps in prehistoric times. Geospatial Technologies is a collective term that refers to technologies that gather, store, query, analyze, visualize and present spatial information. Sources: 1, 7
The 19th century was the longest and most important school of cartography and cartography, followed by aerial photography and early cameras sent by balloons, pigeons, and airplanes in the 20th century. The science and art of photography interpretation and mapping accelerated after World War II and during the Cold War. They took on new dimensions with the advent of satellites and computers. Space technology is an important scientific discovery that has taken humanity’s capabilities to a whole new level. Sources: 1, 4
Unlike ordinary spatial data, innovations in space technology allow us to pinpoint the exact location of an object or person on our planet. We can apply these technologies in several areas: they can map everything from GPS navigators and drivers to the vast possibilities of remote sensing of satellites orbiting the Earth. The use of this technology is inexpensive and simple, and its possibilities are almost unlimited. Sources: 4
It is no secret that space technology plays a crucial role in how we understand our world and how we interact with the environment around us. Here, we examine the importance of this technology in a wide range of industries, from healthcare and human services to banking and supply chain management. Sources: 11
Space technologies such as the Global Positioning System (GPS), the Geographic Information System, Dome Reflection, Light Detection and Range Technology (LIDARs), and aerial photography have dramatically evolved over the last 20 years. These technologies have laid the foundation for the development of many other tools. From aerial satellites to remote sensing imagery, GPS, and computerized geographic information systems have revolutionized how business, science, and government policy are conducted. Sources: 2, 9
Various LIDAR models have been used to predict crop yields and plant well-being, and wearable devices have been developed to create real-time images to assess forage quality that users can use to adjust pasture management and complement strategies. Sources: 9
Geo-software tools such as SOCET and GXP (TM) allow the analysis, fusion, and use of geo-information into actionable intelligence, providing timely and accurate information to our policymakers, intelligence analysts, warfighters, and emergency responders to adapt and respond to emerging situations. Sources: 13
Geospatial Technology is the system that collects and processes site-specific data from Earth. Space technologies offer various ways to create and use the maps needed to manage our communities and industries. These technologies include GPS (Global Positioning System), GIS (Geographical Information System), and RS (Remote Sensing). Sources: 6, 8
Remote sensing, Global Positioning System (GPS), and Geographical Information Systems (GIS) are the most important geo-information technologies. Remote sensing gathers information about the Earth’s surface, while GIS and IA are mapping tools that organize and analyze information. Remote sensing is the method that collects information about where the Earth is without touching it, a form of remote sensing. Sources: 6
Technologies exist to integrate remote sensing data (e.g., GPS data points, spatial and non-spatial data, and spatial statistics) into a single dynamic analysis system; these technologies are Geographical Information Systems (GIS). A GIS is a powerful database system allowing users to collect, organize, store, and analyze physical and cultural environments. Sources: 10
A GIS looks at the world through the superimposition of physical and cultural layers with quantifiable data that the data can analyze. A single GIS can map a national forest layer like elevation, deciduous trees, evergreens, soil type, soil erosion rate, river tributaries, main and secondary roads, forest health, burnt areas, regrowth and restoration, animal species, paths, and much more. Sources: 10
GIS, a kind of geospatial technology, combines spatial and non-spatial data, remote sensing images, and GPS data points into a sophisticated overall system. GIS allows users to collect, group, and analyze the required information across multiple levels, including altitude, vegetation types, forest health, roads, waters, and animals. It helps to find answers to the many questions that arise in different industries. Sources: 4
At the master level, it offers an unprecedented analysis of landscapes and enables more functionality than cartographers allowed in the past. Space technologies such as GIS have many useful applications for urban planners, conservationists, environmental sciences, and health care. Geomatic geospatial technology Geomatic, also known as multidisciplinary tools, is an advanced degree in a particular subject, such as GIS. Sources: 3
Geospatial technology (GST), also known as Geoinformation Science, is a technology that integrates innovative tools and techniques that allow users to visualize, analyze, query, and predict temporal, spatial, and critical relationships. It helps to solve the problem of viewing data to be viewed, analyzed, and shared. Sources: 12
Software tools include Geographic Information Systems (GIS), Cartography, Remote Sensing, and Image Analysis (RMR). A Geographical Information System (GIS) is a computer system for scientific research, water planning, and management. GIS integrates powerful computer skills with a unique visual perspective and a good old-fashioned map. Sources: 6, 12
Geographical Information Systems (GIS) are computer-aided tools that help people convert geographical data into geographical information. GIS enables users to collect, store, manipulate and display reference information – data identified by location. With the emergence of new mechanisms for exchanging information, purchasing, and linking to our GPS-enabled smartphones, the scope of the GIS and its potential applications has increased. Sources: 0, 6
Geographical Information Systems (GIS) arise from the need to perform spatial queries on geographical data when a question needs to be answered by the database, such as the desire to know the distance and location of two overlapping objects. Sources: 0
Geospatial Technology refers to the technology used to collect, manipulate and store geographic information. GPS, remote sensing, geofencing, and other examples of space technologies. Other geodata can come from GPS data, satellite imagery, and geotagging. Sources: 5
- https://humangeography.pressbooks.com/chapter/1-5/ 0
- https://www.aaas.org/programs/scientific-responsibility-human-rights-law/overview-geospatial-project 1
- https://www.ou.edu/ags/geography/degree-programs/graduate-program/geography-m-s-online 2
- https://www.environmentalscience.org/geospatial-technology 3